General health development
In the year 1800, health indicators as life expectancy at birth, fertility rate, under-five mortality rate and average income per person indicates that the human population faced more or less a similar level of health. The life expectancy for all countries, at this point in history, is found in the range 25 - 40 years. Only a few countries had industries, thus resulting in an increasing average income per person, and also giving a slow raise in public health in those countries.
Virtually all Western countries evolved faster due to the industrialisation in the 19th century, with a population growth, increasing income, and health, which has been ongoing until this very day. Only Japan joined the Western countries in the industrialisation at the end of the 19th century and through 20th century, and displayed a similar development in health.
The photo pictures me as a radiographer in Åland, Finland, in June-August 2011.
Asia’s development miracle and Africa’s development tragedy
Through trade, colonisation and military and economical dominance in parts of Asian and Africa, the gap between industrialised countries and African and Asian kept increasing, speaking of health.
After World War II ended in 1945, an increasing number of Asian countries gained independence from their colonial masters. This was the start of Asia’s economical development miracle through industrialisation, which has included an elevation in general health development on the continent. Some Asian countries are today reaching the highest standards in health, or closing the gap on it. A few countries in Asia and North Africa can also thank their oil for a very rapid general health development.
The sub Saharan countries on the other hand are still mainly agricultural, and have not been able to develop a similar economical growth and elevate public health as the Asian countries. High numbers of HIV victims in sub Saharan countries also contributes to Africa’s development tragedy. Sub Saharan countries display the lowest life expectancy figures and poorest healthcare systems in the world, along with Afghanistan.
Life expectancy in the world: www.bit.ly/sY0WX4
Adults with HIV in the world: www.bit.ly/gc4EBo